Can Two Cats Share A Litter Box?

Two cats are trying to share one litter box
Written by Clair Chesterman

You might be wanting to bring home a new cat but you may be wondering if it is okay for cats to share litter boxes or if cats should have their own litter box, that is if you already have an existing cat at home. And yes, this might be a little worrisome for some cat owners that have cats who have problems with other cats or with using their litter box. 

Let’s try to find out if it is okay for cats to use the same litter box and what is the best litter box to use for a multi-cat household or if it is not okay, how many litter boxes should be provided. 

Pros And Cons About Sharing The Same Litter Box

Pros Cons
  • Harmony among your cats; it will show that they are well-trained.
  • Easier cleaning one litter box 
  • Might get messy
  • Other cats may avoid eliminating in that litter box
  • Some cats may start developing unwanted behavior or having problems in using their litter box

Now that we have talked about the pros and cons of cats sharing the same litter box, let us try to answer some of the most important questions in our minds below: 

  • Do Cats Share Litter Boxes?

We all know that a majority of cats are sensitive and want their litter boxes to be always clean, however, every feline is still different, and there may be cases when two cats can share one litter box if the owner helps in maintaining it properly. 

  • Is It Okay For Cats To Share Litter Boxes?

Some cats may be very picky or sensitive in terms of eliminating or using their litter box. It is most probably a general knowledge that cats want their litter boxes to be immaculate and it can start to become messy if two or more cats use it to do their business. 

  • Should Cats Have Their Own Litter Box?

It is highly recommended both by the Humane Society of the United States and the RSPCA to provide one litter box for each of your cats and it is even best to have one spare lying around for them. 

  • How Many Litter Box Are Really Needed For A Multi-Cat Household

To best answer this question, we based this on the recommendation by the US Humane Society above, and it is recommended to provide one litter box for one feline and an extra; this is to prevent them from eliminating in other spots in your house if all of the litter boxes are being used by other cats. 

  • What Is The Ideal Litter Box For Two Or Multiple Cats?

Having an automatic litter box is the best because it could be used by several cats. There are many choices in the market and it is designed to make it more convenient for the cat owners as it automatically cleans the litter box for you. However, it is best to properly introduce and train your cats first before letting them use it by themselves as they might get iffy in using one that is automated and not their traditional litter boxes. 

Pros And Cons Of Automatic Litter Box

Pros Cons
  • It self cleans therefore you do not need to scoop the junk out everytime one cat eliminates. 
  • It helps in keeping them fragrant. 
  • It is perfect for a multi-cat household. 
  • It is great for cats who are a bit sensitive especially about the cleanliness of the litter box as it self-cleans therefore it is always ready and clean for them to use.
  • Expensive
  • It may need special litter which can also get expensive in the long run. 
  • Noisy
  • Some sensors may fail and therefore not reliable at all times. 
  • Your cat may get apprehensive in using an automatic litter box. 


The ideal number of litter boxes for a multi-cat household is one for each cat and an extra box more for security, however, if you cannot afford this or if your cats are trained to use one litter box, it is okay to use the regular one, but it is still best recommended to use the self-cleaning or automatic litter box as it can help you in maintaining them especially whenever you get busy on some days. Just keep in mind the disadvantages of automatic cat litter boxes such as sensitive cats and malfunctioning automatic cat litter boxes, however, it can easily be overcome with proper cat training and being resourceful and mindful of which product or brand you are going to buy, respectively. 


About the author

Clair Chesterman

Clair is a professional cat breeder having her own cageless CFA and CCA Registered cattery & fostering company FluffyMeowPaws in Eugene, Oregon. Clair knows everything about multiple cat breeds and how to use the latest technologies to make the cat's life better.

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